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Links to Publications Distributed at Meetings of the NIH Working Group on Women in Biomedical Careers

This list is a sample of the many references on gender bias and women’s recruitment, retention, reentry, and advancement in research careers. To report broken or incorrect links, e-mail womeninsceince@nih.gov.

 

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March 2007

Agres, Ted. “Best Places to Work 2007: PostDocs .” The Scientist Mar 2007: 49-51.

“Ethics committees fall short of gender equality, study suggests.” European Commission: European Research Headlines 6 Mar 2007.

Friedman, Paula K et al. “Report of the ADEA President's Commission on Mentoring.” Journal of Dental Education 68.3 (2004): 390-6.  

Pfund, Christine et al. “PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: Enhanced: The Merits of Training Mentors.” Science 311.5760 (2006): 473-474.  

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April 2007

Holmes, Mary Anne, and Suzanne O'Connell. “Leaks in the Pipeline.” Nature 446 (2007): 346.  

Millman, Sierra. “To Encourage Women, Princeton U. Expands Benefits for Graduate Students With Children.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 5 Apr 2007.

Childbirth Policy for Women Graduate Students at Stanford University

MIT Childbirth Accommodation Policy

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May 2007

Brainard, Jeffrey. “9 Women are Elected to the National Academy of Sciences, a 6-Year Low.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 2 May 2007.

DeMatteo, Ann. “It's in the genes.” New Haven Register 27 May 2007.

Gearon, Christopher. “You're in Good Hands.” U.S. News & World Report 30 Mar 2007.

Gravois, John. “7 Female Medical Professors Sue Penn State U., Saying They are Paid Less Than Men.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 27 Apr 2007.

Haberman, Clyde. “NYC; Helping Turn Dreamers Into Doctors.” The New York Times 17 Nov 2006.

Hirshman, Linda. “Off to Work She Should Go.” The New York Times 25 Apr 2007.

Slagle, Dana. “How Mentoring Can Have a Positive Impact on Your Life.” Jet 22 Jan 2007.

Maines, Rachel. “Why Women Become Veterinarians but not Engineers.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 25 May 2007: B9.

Wasley, Paula. “Pay Gap Between Men and Women Begins Immediately After Graduation, Study Says.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 23 Apr 2007.

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June 2007

Detsky, Allan S., and Mark Otto Baerlocher. “Academic Mentoring--How to Give It and How to Get It.” JAMA 297.19 (2007): 2134-2136.  

Hymowitz, Carol. “Coaching Men on Mentoring Women Is Ernst & Young Partner's Mission.” Wall Street Journal 14 Jun 2007.

Mervis, Jeffrey. “SCIENTIFIC PRIZES: U.S. National Medals: For Men Only?.” Science 316.5832 (2007): 1683a.  

Northwestern University. “Program to Help Women Faculty Sharpen Skills for Success.” 25 Jun 2007

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July 2007

Developing Equality in Governance and Managment for Career Progression. British Medical Association, 2007. 23 Jul 2007

“Female Doctors Facing Barriers To Careers In Education And Research, Study Finds - UK.” Medical News Today 19 Jul 2007.

Lee, Adrian, Carina Dennis, and Philip Campbell. “Nature's guide for mentors.” Nature 447.7146 (2007): 791-797.  

Linn, Marcia C. “WOMEN IN SCIENCE: Can Evidence Inform the Debate?.” Science 317.5835 (2007): 199-200.  

Russo, Gene. “Nature Jobs: Jobs of the Week.” Nature 448 (2007): 97.

Powell, Kendall. “Beyond the Glass Ceiling.” Nature 448 (2007): 98-100.  

Wutte, Magdalena. “Closing the Gender Gap.” Nature 448 (2007): 101-102.  

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September 2007

Bhattacharjee, Yudhijit. “POSTDOCTORAL TRAINING: NSF, NIH Emphasize the Importance of Mentoring.” Science 317.5841 (2007): 1016b.  

Boss, Shira. “Wedded to Work, and in Dire Need of a Wife.” The New York Times 11 Aug 2007.

Despoja, Natasha Stott. “We need paid maternity leave.” The Canberra Times 17 Sep 2007.

Heylin, Michael. “Demographics Of Chemistry.” Chemical & Engineering News 85.38 (2007): 43-44.  

Kotkin, Stephen. “Opening the On-Ramp for Women.” The New York Times 5 Aug 2007.

Vedantam, Shankar. “Salary, Gender and the Social Cost of Haggling.” The Washington Post 30 Jul 2007: A07.

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October 2007

Benderly, Beryl Lieff. “Making Mentoring Mandatory.” Science Careers 5 Oct 2007.

Guess, Andy. “From Summers to Sommers.” Inside Higher Ed. 2 Oct 2007.

Hoopes, Laura L. Mays. “Help women stay in science .” The Scientist 10 Oct 2007.

Hoover, Eric. “Report Reveals Increasing Diversity of Students at U. of California.” Chronicle of Higher Education 11 Oct 2007.

Lederman, Doug. “Why Women Leave Academic Medicine.” Inside Higher Ed. 21 Sep 2007.

Symonds, Matthew R E et al. “Gender differences in publication output: towards an unbiased metric of research performance.” PLOS ONE (2006): e127.  

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November 2007

Belkin, Lisa. “The Feminine Critique.” The New York Times 1 Nov 2007.

Gibb, Frances, and Marcus Leroux. “Women climb career ladder faster - but are paid less for doing same job.” Times Online 5 Sep 2007.

“Mommyhood by the numbers .” msnbc.com 12 Nov 2007.

Murphy, Mary C, Claude M Steele, and James J Gross. “Signaling threat: how situational cues affect women in math, science, and engineering settings.” Psychological Science 18.10 (2007): 879-85.  

Wilson, Robin. “At North Dakota State, Women Are Few and Far Between.” Chronicle of Higher Education 2 Nov 2007.

“Women Must Work Harder, Study Shows; In Surveys of American and British Employees, Gender Gap Persists.” Complete World News 6 Dec 2007.

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January 2008

Andrews NC. “Climbing through medicine's glass ceiling.”  New England Journal of Medicine. 2007 Nov 8;357(19):1887-9.

Gallagher R. “Am I Sexist?” The Scientist 2008 Jan 22(1):15.

Hermes J. “House Panel Hears Ideas on Increasing Number of Women on Science and Engineering Faculties” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2007 Oct 18;                                                                        

Jagsi R, Tarbell NJ, Weinstein DF. ”Becoming a doctor, starting a family--leaves of absence from graduate medical education.” New England Journal of Medicine. 2007 Nov 8;357(19):1889-91.

Leboy P. “Fixing the Leaky Pipeline.” The Scientist 2008 Jan 22(1):67.

Lord M. “Making it Through the Maze” ASEE Prism . 2005 Oct  22(15)
 
Martinez ED, Botos J, Dohoney KM, Geiman TM, Kolla SS, Olivera A, et al. “Falling off the academic bandwagon. Women are more likely to quit at the postdoc to principal investigator transition.” EMBO Reports 2007 Nov 8(11):977-81.

Redden E. “New Numbers on Underrepresented Faculty Members” Inside Higher Ed 2007 Nov 1

Wilson R. “New Set of Grants Will Promote Faculty Career Flexibility.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2006 Oct 6;53(7):A13.
                                                                                                                                               
Winslow O. “Adelphi sued over professors' pay disparity” Newsday 2007 Sep 25

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February 2008

Armour S. “Workplace tensions rise as dads seek family time.”  USA Today December 10, 2007.

Budden AE, Tregenza T, Aarssen LW, Koricheva J, Leimu R, Lorite CJ. “Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors.” Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23 (1): 4.        

Hoopes LLM. “How PubMed COULD do refs for those with name changes.” October 24, 2007. Comment in Help women stay in Science. The Scientist October 10, 2007.

Kurtz MJ, Eichhorn G, Accomazzi A, Grant C, and Murray SS. “Keeping bibliographies using ADS.” Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems VII, ASP Conference Series Volume 145 (1998).

“One Women is still not enough.” Nature 2008 Feb 21; 451: 865.

Petsko GA. “The story they missed.” Genome Biology 2008 Jan 31; 9(1): 101.

Wertheimer LK. “Tenure at MIT still largely a male domain.” The Boston Globe December 6, 2007.

Working double-blind. Nature 2008 Feb 7;451: 605.

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 April 2008

Barr, S. “Family-Leave Plan is Halved.” Washington Post April 16, 2008.

Dreifus, C. “In Professor’s Model, Diversity = Productivity.” The New York Times January 8, 2008.

Kelly III,  JE. “Bridging Engineering’s Minority Gap.” BusinessWeek  Febraury 15, 2008.
                                                                                                                                               
Krieger, LM. “Women dominate admissions at veterinary medicine schools.” Mercury News April 14, 2008.

McKinstry B and Dacre J. “Are there too many female medical graduates? YES and NO.” British Medical Journal 336: 748 (April 5, 2008).

“New Jersey Lawmakers Approve Paid Leave for Workers.” The New York Times April 8, 2008.
                                                                                                                                               
Powers E. “Alice’s Adventures in Tenureland.” Inside Higher Ed: January 28, 2008.

Sommers CH. “Why Can’t a Women Be More Like a Man?” The American March/April 2008.

Waisbren SE, Bowles H, Hasan T, Zou KH, Emans SJ, Lieberman E, Loeken M, Longtine J, Quinn D, Randolph AG, Solet JM, Ullrich N, Walensky R, Weitzman P, Chrisou H. “Gender Differences in Research Grant Applications and Funding Outcomes for Medical School Faculty.” Journal of Women’s Health 17: 207 (March 1, 2008).
                                                                                                                                               
Weeks C. “More moms get back on the job.” Globe and Mail December 20, 2007.

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May 2008

Barr DA, Gonzalez ME, and Wanat SE. “The Leaky Pipeline: Factors Associated with Early Decline in Interest in Premedical Studies Among Underrepresented Minority Undergraduate Students.”  Academic Medicine 2008 May;83(5):503-11.

Bhattacharjee Y. “The Cost of a Genuine Collaboration.” Science 16 May 2008; 320 (5878): 859

Cavendish C. “The Glass Ceiling in Women’s Heads.” Times Online May 8, 2008.

Elfman L. “Breaking Down Barriers: Women of Color in the Sciences.” Diverse Online April 8, 2008.

Goldstein J. “As Doctors Get a Life, Strains Show.” The Wall Street Journal April 29, 2008; A1.

Greenberg D. “As Usual, Few Women Elected to NAS.” The Chronicle Review April 29, 2008.

Hewlett SA, Luce CB, Servon LJ, Sherbin L, Shiller P, Sosnovich E, and Sumberg K. “The Athena Factor: Reversing the Brain Drain in Science, Engineering, and Technology.” Harvard Business Review June 2008; Product #10094.

Maffly B. “Academia Not Always Kind to Would-be Moms.”  The Salt Lake Tribune April 21, 2008.

Stepp LS. “Get Ready to Step Up, Dad.” Washington Post March 25, 2008; HE01.

Tucker SA, Hanuscin DL, Bearnes CJ. ”Igniting Girls Interest in Science.” Science, 21 March 2008; 319(5870):1621-1622                                                                                                             

Woolhouse M. “Gender Debate Revived at Harvard.”  The Boston Globe April 12, 2008.

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June 2008

Alexander, Hershel, and Jonathan Lang.  “The Long-term Retention and Attrition of US Medical School Faculty.” AAMC Analysis in Brief June 2008; 8 (4).

“ARISE (Advancing Research in Science and Engineering): Investing in Early-Career Scientists and High-Risk, High-Reward Research.” American Academy of Arts and Sciences16 Jun 2008.

Chaal, Nora and Richard Freedman. Increasing the number of women scientists - Gender parity implies at least 40% female representation. European Commission, 16 Jun 2008.

Chua, Jennifer, and Joan Goldberg. “NIH Explores Repair Strategies for Leaky Pipeline.” ASCB Newsletter Apr 2008.

Galama, Titus, and James Hosek. US Competitiveness in Science and Technology. RAND Corporation. 25 Jun 2008.

Guess, Andy. “A Call to Fund the Young and Risky.” Inside Higher Education 4 Jun 2008.

Guiso, Luigi et al. “Culture, Gender, and Math.” Science 30 May 2008; 320(5880):1164-1165.  

Guterman, Lila. “Cultural Attitudes Affect Girls' Math Performance, Analysis Finds.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 30 May 2008.
 
Jaschik, Scott. “'Quiet Desperation' of Academic Women.” Inside Higher Education 12 Jun 2008.

Jaschik, Scott. “Redefining Where Salary Gaps Linger.” Inside Higher Education 19 Jun 2008.
 
Leber, Michele. “Opposing view: Old attitudes die hard.” USA Today 6 Jun 2008.

Lewin, Tamar. “Girls’ Gains Have Not Cost Boys, Report Says.” The New York Times 20 May 2008.

Longo, Patrizia, and Clifford J Straehley. “Whack! I've hit the glass ceiling! Women's efforts to gain status in surgery.” Gender Medicine 5.1 (2008): 88-100.  

Monastersky, Richard. “Congressional Panel Considers Call for More Female Science Professors.” Chronicle of Higher Education 8 May 2008.

Monroe, Kristen et al. “Gender Equality in Academia: Bad News from the Trenches, and Some Possible Solutions.” Perspectives on Politics 6.2 (2008): 215-233.  

Nelson, Donna J., and Christopher N. Brammer. “Women in Science: A Top-Down Approach.” Science 320.5880 (2008): 1159b-1160.  

“Our view on pay equity: Why women earn less.” USA Today 6 Jun 2008.

Palermo, Simona et al. “Gender and science.” EMBO Reports 9.6 (2008): 494-5.  

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August 2008

Begley, S., “Or Maybe Major in Comp Lit?” Newsweek August 18-25, 2008.

Benson, C., “Hard at Work on Family Leave.” CQ Weekly, 7 July  2008: 1824 .

Dotinga, R., “Wives Often Head Home When Husband's Workload Grows.” U.S. News & World Report August 1, 2008.

Holland, J., “House passes bill to help enforce gender pay equity; GOP says boon to trial lawyers.” ABCNews.com July 31, 2008.

Hyde, J.S. et al., ”Gender Similarities Characterize Math Performance.” Science 321(5888):494-495 July 25, 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Confidence Gap for New Profs.” Inside Higher Education. July 11, 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Women, Men and Service.” Inside Higher Education. July 17, 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Keys to Hiring Women in Science.” Inside Higher Education. August 5, 2008.

Jaschik, S., 'The Black Academic's Guide to Winning Tenure -- Without Losing Your Soul'. Inside Higher Education.  August 8, 2008.

Lemonie, N.R., “The clinician-scientist: a rare breed under threat in a hostile environment.” Disease Models & Mechanisms, 1: 12. July/August 2008.

Malakoff, D., “Girls = Boys at Math.” ScienceNOW. July 24, 2008.

Rosenbaum, J.R., “Duality.” Health Affairs, 27(2), 494-499 2008.

Smaglik, P.,  “The Gender Imbalance.” Nature, 454, 664. July 30, 2008.

Tierney, J., “A New Frontier for Title IX: Science.” The New York Times. July 15, 2008.

Untener, J., “Giving Birth to a Good Policy.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(45), B30. July 18, 2008.

Wilson, R., “More Colleges Are Adding Family-Friendly Benefits.” Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(45), B22. July 18, 2008.

Wood, P., “How Our Culture Keeps Students Out of Science.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(48), A56.  August 8, 2008.

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September 2008

Andriole, D.A., Whelan, A.J. & Jeffe, D.B., “Characteristics and Career Intentions of the Emerging MD/PhD Workforce.” JAMA, 300(10), 1165-1173. September 10, 2008.

Bean, J., “Women in Neurosurgery.” Journal of Neurosurgery, 109(3): 377. September 2008.

Carrasquillo, O. & Lee-Rey, E.T., “Diversifying the Medical Classroom: Is More Evidence Needed?” JAMA, 300(10), 1203-1205. September 10, 2008.

Council of Graduate Schools,  Ph.D. Completion and Attrition: Analysis of Baseline Demographic Data from the Ph.D. Completion Project, Press Release. September 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Equal Start, Less Equal Progress in Social Sciences.” Inside Higher Education August 21, 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Ph.D. Completion Gaps.” Inside Higher Education September 9, 2008.

Jaschik, S., “New Questions on Women, Academe and Careers.” Inside Higher Education. September 22, 2008.

Lerner, B.H., “Urology Field Slowly Altered, by Women.” The New York Times. September 8, 2008.

McNamara, M.C., McNeil, M.A. & Chang, J., “A Pilot Study Exploring Gender Differences in Residents Strategies for Establishing Mentoring Relationships.” Medical Education Online, 13, 7. September 2008.

“Men with sexist views 'earn more'.” BBC News. September 22, 2008.

Muller, C.B. et al., ”Students Perceptions of the Value and Need for Mentors as They Progress Through Academic Studies in Engineering and Science.” MentorNet. March 21, 2008.

Schmidt, P., “Diversity at Medical Schools Can Have Educational Benefits, Report Suggests.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. September 10, 2008.

Tierney, J., “As Barriers Disappear, Some Gender Gaps Widen.” The New York Times. September 8, 2008.

“U. seeking women: Culture discourages women from medical school.”Salt Lake Tribune. September 15, 2008.

WINS White Paper Committee, et al., “The Future of Neurosurgery: a White Paper on the Recruitment and Retention of Women in Neurosurgery.” Journal of Neurosurgery, 109(3): 378. September 2008.

Zielinska, E., “The Scientist 2008 Life Science Salary Survey.” The Scientist, 22(9): 45. September 2008.

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November 2008

Andrews, N.C., “Climbing the Academic Ladder.” Newsweek. October 13, 2008.

Gould, M., “Girls choosing camera lenses over microscopes.” Guardian. October 3, 2008.

Gross, J., 2008. “Where the Mommy Track Crosses the Daughter Track.” New York Times. October 28, 2008.

Handelsman, J. & Grymes, R.G.,   “Looking for a Few Good Women?” DNA and Cell Biology, 27(9), 463-465. September 2008.

Jaschik, S., “Redefining the Gender Gap.” Inside Higher Education. October 13, 2008.

Khan, U., “Pay gap between sexes based on 'lifestyle' choices.” Telegraph. October 21, 2008.

King, J.E., “Too many rungs on the ladder? Faculty Demographics and the Future Leadership of Higher Education.” American Council on Education. September 2008.

Mason, M.A., “Do Babies Matter in Science?” Chronicle of Higher Education Careers. October 17, 2008.

Mervis, J., “And Then There Was One.” Science, 321(5896):1622-1628. September 19, 2008.

O'Brien, S., “Women Husbanding Career Help at Home.” Herald Sun. November 7, 2008.

Park, G., Lubinski, D. & Benbow, C.P., ”Ability Differences Among People Who Have Commensurate Degrees Matter for Scientific Creativity.” Psychological Science, 19(10), 957-961. November 4, 2008.

Rimer, S., “Math Skills Suffer in U.S., Study Finds.” The New York Times. October 10, 2008.

Schmidt, P., “Many Black Women Veer Off Path to Tenure, Researchers Say” Chronicle of Higher Education. September 9, 2008.
 
Shellenbarger, S., “Why Women Leave Jobs in Tech.” Wall Street Journal. October 7, 2008.

Sommers, C.H., “The Case against Title-Nining the Sciences.” American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. September 4, 2008.

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January 2009

Azoulay, Pierre, Ryan Michigan, and Bhaven N. Sampat. “The Anatomy of Medical School Patenting.” New England Journal of Medicine 357(20): 2049-2056. November 15, 2007.

Carnes, Molly, Claudia Morrissey, and Stacie Geller. “Women's Health and Women's Leadership in Academic Medicine: Hitting the Same Glass Ceiling? .” Journal of Women's Health 17(9):1453-1461. November 17, 2008.

Davidson, Joe. “Room at the Top for More Diversity .” The Washington Post. 3 Dec 2008.

Ding, Waverly, Fiona Murray, and Toby Stuar. “Gender Differences in Patenting in the Academic Life Sciences.” Science 313(5787): 665-667.  4 August 2006.

Jaschik, Scott. “The Second Shift in Academic Medicine :: Inside Higher Ed 2 Jan 2009.

Jaschik, Scott. “Ignorance About 'Stop the Clock' Policies.” Inside Higher Ed 6 Jan 2009.

Ley, Timothy J. and Barton H Hamilton. “The Gender Gap in NIH Grant Applications.” Science 322 (5907): 1472-1474.  5 December 2008.

“Link Between Maternity Leave, Fewer C-Sections And Increased Breastfeeding.” Medical News Today. 6 Jan 2009.

Pear, Robert. “House Passes 2 Measures on Job Bias.” New York Times 9 Jan 2009.

Stross, Randall. “What Has Driven Women Out of Computer Science?.” The New York Times 16 Nov 2008.

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March 2009

“Among Cardiologists, Women Cite Discrimination.” The Washington Post.  16 Dec 2008.

Angier, Natalie. “In ‘Geek Chic’ and Obama, New Hope for Lifting Women in Science.” New York Times 20 Jan 2009.

Barsh, Joanna, Susie Cranston, and Rebecca A. Craske. “Centered leadership: How Talented Women Thrive.” McKinsey Quarterly Sep 2008.

Bernhard, Blythe. “Women's Health is Focus of Hearing at Washington University.” St. Louis Post Dispatch 5 Mar 2009.

Ceci, Stephen, Wendy Williams, and Susan M. Barnett. “Women's Underrepresentation in Science: Sociocultural and Biological Considerations.” Psychological Bulletin 135(2): 218-261. March 2009.  

“Geeks Equal Cool, Nerds Not So Much.” Scientific Blogging 3 Mar 2009.

Jaschik, Scott. “Stopping the Clock... on Grants.” Inside Higher Ed 27 Feb 2009.

Kemsley, Jyllian N. “Graduate Families.” Chemical & Engineering News 12 Jan 2009: 39-40.

Rosser, Sue, and Mark Zachary Taylor. “Economic Security Expanding Women's Participation in US Science.” Harvard International Review 30(3) Fall 2008

Shellenbarger, Sue. “In Science and Technology, Efforts to Lure Women Back.” Wall Street Journal 25 Feb 2009.

Shollen, S Lynn, Carole Bland, and Anne L. Taylor. “Organizational Climate and Family Life: How These Factors Affect the Status of Women Faculty at One Medical School.” Academic Medicine 84(1): 87-94. January 2009.

“Women Opt Out Of Math/science Careers Because Of Family Demands.” ScienceDaily 3 Mar 2009.

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April 2009

“Education Practices Influence Women Engineer Shortage.” ScienceDaily 30 Dec 2008.

Galinksy, Ellen, Kerstin Aumann, and James T. Bond. “Times Are Changing.” Families and Work Institute March 2009.

George, Yolanda, Shirley Malcolm, and Lisa M Frehill. Evaluation of the AAAS Women's International Scientific Cooperation (WISC) Project. 6 Apr 2009.

Guizzo, Erico. “The EE Gender Gap Is Widening.” IEEE Spectrum Dec 2008.

Harrison, Rebecca A., and Jessica L. Gregg. “A Time for Change: An Exploration of Attitudes Toward Part-Time Work in Academia Among Women Internists and Their Division Chiefs.” Academic Medicine 84(1): 80-86. January 2009.

Holder, Kathleen. “GENDER GAP: More female students than males attending universities.” Dateline UC Davis 30 Jan 2009.

Horin, Adele. “Gen Y Women Earn Their Fair Share.” watoday.com 31 March 2009.

Leboy, Phoebe. “Biochemisty Department Diversity: A Lack of Sex Appeal.” ASBMB Today Mar 2009: 19-21.

Potvin, Geoff et al. “Unraveling Bias From Student Evaluations of Their High School Science Teachers.” Science Education January 8, 2009.  

Schlein, Lonnie. “More Dads Influence Daughters’ Career Paths.” New York Times 23 Feb 2009.

Zhang, Xuelin. “Earnings of Women with and without Children.” Perspectives on Labour and Income 10(3): 5-13. March 2009.

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June 2009

“Broadening Participation in Graduate Education.” Council of Graduate Schools, 23 Apr 2009.

Carrell, Scott E., Marianne E. Page, and James E. West. “Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap.” NBER, 2009.

Dean, Cornelia. “Women Bridging Gap in Science Opportunities.” New York Times 2 Jun 2009.

Hegewisch, Ariane, and Claudia Williams. “The Gender Wage Gap by Occupation.” The Institute for Women's Policy Research 29 Apr 2009.
 
Mason, Mary Ann. “Is Tenure a Trap for Women?.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. 22 Apr 2009.

“Men Outearn Women in Almost All Occupations.” P R Newswire 28 Apr 2009.

Mervis, Jeffrey. “Report Finds No Gender Bias in Faculty Hiring, Resources .” Science 324(5932):1250-1251.  5 June 2009.

National Academies. “Women Faring Well in Hiring and Tenure Processes for Science and Engineering Jobs at Research Universities, but Still Underrepresented in Applicant Pools.” Press Release, June 2, 2009.

Parker, Alex M. “Parental leave act moves closer to law .” GovernmentExecutive.com. 4 Jun 2009.

“Three Young Women Win Top Honors at World's Largest Pre-College Science Competition.” Intel.com 15 May 2009.

Todorova, Aleksandra. “10 Best Places to Be a Working Mom .” SmartMoney.com 7 May 2009.

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July 2009

“A Statement from the Acting NIH Director, Raynard S. Kington, M.D., Ph.D., Regarding the 2008 NIH-Supported Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) Recipients.” NIH News  9 Jul 2009.

Benyo, Julie, and John White. “ACM-WGBH Report Finds Gender Gap in Teen Ratings of Computing as a Career .” Association for Computing Machinery. 17 Jul 2009.

Burns, Laura, Peter Einaudi, and Patricia Green. “S&E Graduate Enrollments Accelerate in 2007; Enrollments of Foreign Students Reach New High.” National Science Foundation, June 2009.

Farrell, Kimberly A. “Women, Careers, & the Glass Ceiling.” Pharmaceutical Executive 1 Apr 2009.

Lincoln, Anne E., Stephanie Pincus, and Vanessa Schlick. “Evaluating Science or Evaluating Gender?.” APS News Jun 2009: 8.

“Men’s Support Key to Creating Gender Diversity in the Workplace, According to Catalyst Report.” Catalyst.org 13 May 2009.

Nosek, Brian A. “National differences in gender–science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106(26): 10593-10597.  June 30, 2009.

“President Honors Outstanding Early-Career Scientists.” The White House - Press Office. 9 Jul 2009.

Saltarelli, Steve. “Men in power.” The Chicago Maroon 2 Mar 2009.

Sanserino, Michael. “Push for Time Off Gains in Many States.” Wall Street Journal 22 Jun 2009.

Worthen, Ben. “The Tech Industry’s Diversity Problem .” Wall Street Journal 1 Jun 2009.

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September 2009

Abbuhl, Stephanie, Mirar N. Bristol, Hera Ashfaq, Patricia Scott, Lucy Wolf Tuton, Anne R. Cappola and Seema S. Sonnad. “Examining Faculty Awards for Gender Equity and Evolving Values.” Journal of General Internal Medicine. 25(1):57-60. January 2010 (published online August 2009).

Corrice, April. “Unconscious Bias in Faculty and Leadership Recruitment: A Literature Review.” AAMC Analysis in Brief. 9(2). August 2009.

Ferriman, Kimberley, David Lubinski, and Camilla P. Benbow. “Work Preferences, Life Values, and Personal Views of Top Math/Science Graduate Students and the Profoundly Gifted: Developmental Changes and Gender Differences During Emerging Adulthood and Parenthood.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 97(3):517–32. September 2009.

Gordon, Mary Beth, Stavroula K. Osganian, S. Jean Emans, and Frederick H. Lovejoy, Jr. “Gender Differences in Research Grant Applications for Pediatric Residents.” Pediatrics. 124(2): e355-e361. August 2009.

Mallon, William T. and April Corrice. “Leadership Recruiting Practices in Academic Medicine: How Medical Schools and Teaching Hospitals Search for New Department Chairs and Center Directors.” AAMC. September 2009.

Parsons, Wanda L., Pauline S. Duke, Pamela Snow, and Alison Edwards. “Physicians as parents: Parenting experiences of physicians in Newfoundland and Labrador.” Can Fam Physician. 55(8):808-9.e4. August 2009.

Troppmann, Kathrin M., Bryan E. Palis, James E. Goodnight Jr, Hung S. Ho, and Christoph Troppmann. “Women Surgeons in the New Millenium.” Arch Surg. 144(7):635-42. July 2009.

Yeo, Heather, Kate Viola, David Berg, Zhenqiu Lin, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Cortland Cammann, Richard H. Bell Jr, Julie Ann Sosa, Harlan M. Krumholz, and Leslie A. Curry. “Attitudes, Training Experiences, and Professional Expectations of US General Surgery Residents: A National Survey.” JAMA. 302(12):1301-8. September 23, 2009.

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November 2009

Association of American Medical Colleges. “The Diversity Research Forum: The Importance and Benefits of Diverse Faculty in Academic Medicine: Implications for Recruitment, Retention, and Promotion.” AAMC. October 2009.

Carr, Phyllis L., Linda Pololi, Sharon Knight, and Peter Conrad. “Collaboration in Academic Medicine: Reflections on Gender and Advancement.” Academic Medicine. 84(10):1447-53. October 2009.

Cora-Bramble, Denice and Gary Butts. “Striving Toward Excellence: Faculty Diversity in Medical Education.” AAMC. October 2009.

DePass, Anthony. “Science and Engineering Professions and Underrepresented Minority Women: We’re Not Remotely There Yet.” ASCB Newsletter. 32(11):17-8. November 2009.

Dreifus, Claudia. “A Conversation With Carol W. Greider On Winning a Nobel Prize in Science.” New York Times. October 12, 2009.

Goulden, Marc, Karie Frasch, and Mary Ann Mason. “Staying Competitive: Patching America's Leaky Pipeline in the Sciences.” Center for American Progress. November 10, 2009.

Isaac, Carol, Barbara Lee, and Molly Carnes. “Interventions That Affect Gender Bias in Hiring: A Systematic Review.” Academic Medicine. 84(10):1440-6. October 2009.

Linzer, Mark, et al. “Part-Time Careers in Academic Internal Medicine: A Report From the Association of Specialty Professors Part-Time Careers Task Force on Behalf of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine.” Academic Medicine. 84(10):1395-4000. October 2009.

Mundy, Liza. “Success is in her DNA: Greider wins the Nobel Prize in a field in which relatively few women thrive.” Washington Post. October 20, 2009.

Rayburn, William F., Hershel Alexander, Jonathan Lang, and James L. Scott. “First-Time Department Chairs at U.S. Medical Schools: A 29-Year Perspective on Recruitment and Retention.” Academic Medicine. 84(10):1336-41. October 2009.

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February 2010

Andrews, Nancy C, Sally Kornbluth, and Doug Stokke. “Women: Diversity Among Leaders is there if you look.” Nature. 463(728):608 February 4, 2010.

Blau, Francine D, Janet M Currie, Rachel TA Croson, and Donna K. Ginther.” Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors? Interim Results from a Randomized Trial.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 15707. January 2010.

Bonetta, Laura. “Reaching Gender Equity in Science: The Importance of Role Models and Mentors.” Science Careers. February 12, 2010.

“Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling in the Operating Room.” PhysOrg.com. February 16, 2010.

Chen, Zhuo, Kakoli Roy, and Carol A Gotway Crawford. “Examining the Role of Gender in Career Advancement at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .” American Journal of Public Health. 100(3):426-34. March 2010.

Ehrenberg, Ronald G., George H. Jakubson, Mirinda L. Martin, Joyce B. Main, and Thomas Eisenberg. “Do Trustees and Administrators Matter? Diversifying the Faculty Across Gender Lines.” National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper 15606. December 2009.

Jagsi, Reshma, Amy R Motomura, Kent A Griffith, Soumya Rangarajan, and Peter A Ubel. “Sex Differences in Attainment of Independent Funding by Career Development Awardees.” Annals of Internal Medicine. 151(11):804-11. December 1, 2009.

Pohlhaus, Jennifer Reineke Pohlhaus, Hong Jiang, and Jennifer Sutton. “Sex Differences in Career Development Awardees' Subsequent Grant Attainment” Annals of Internal Medicine. 152(9):616-7. May 4, 2010.

Jagsi, Reshma and Peter A Ubel. “Sex Differences in Attainment of Independent Funding by Career Development Awardees.” Annals of Internal Medicine. 159(9):617. May 4, 2010.

Mason, Mary Ann. “Still Earning Less.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. January 13, 2010.

“Science and Gender.” Nature Immunology. 11(2):99. February 2010.

Schiebinger, Londa and Shannon K. Gilmartin. “Housework Is an Academic Issue.” Academe Online. 96(1). January-February 2010.

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April 2010

Bayer Corporation. Face-Off: CEOs vs. Scientists on Diversity in Stem. March 5, 2010.

Bayer Corporation. U.S. Women and Minority Scientists Discouraged from Pursuing STEM Careers, National Survey Shows. March 22, 2010.

Carnes M. “Deconstructing Gender Difference.” Academic Medicine.85(4):631-639. April 2010.

DesRoches CM, Zinner DE, Rao SR, Iezzoni LI, Campbell EG. “Activities, Productivity, and Compensation of Men and Women in the Life Sciences.” Academic Medicine. 85(4):631-639. April 2010.

Executive Office of the President Council of Economic Advisors. Work-Life Balance and the Economics of Workplace Flexibility. March 2010.

Hill C, Corbett C, St. Rose A. Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. AAUW, Washington D.C.: 2010.

Hunt J. “Why Do Women Leave Science and Engineering?” National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper 15853. March 31, 2010.

Kiviat B. “Why Women Leave the Engineering Field.” Time.com. April 1, 2010.

Lewin T. “Bias Called Persistent Hurdle for Women in Sciences.” New York Times. March 22, 2010:A14.

Mangan K. “Women in Academic Medicine: Equal to Men, Except in Pay.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. March 31, 2010.

Shellenbarger S. “First Lady to Speak at White House Workplace Flexibility Forum.” Wall Street Journal. March 31, 2010.

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May 2010

Avery, Sarah. “Lab Time is Quality Time for Moms, Daughters.” News Observer. May 09, 2010.

Cha, Youngjoo. “Reinforcing Separate Spheres: The Effect of Spousal Overwork on Men’s and Women’s Employment in Dual-Earner Households.” American Sociological Review. 75(2):303-329. April 2010.

Feldman, Mitchell D, Patricia A Arean, Sally J Marshall, Mark Lovett, and Patricia O’Sullivan. “Does Mentoring Matter: Results from a Survey of Faculty Mentees at a Large Health Sciences University” Medical Education Online. 15: 5063. April 23, 2010.

Goldsmith, Belinda. “In Working Couples, Women’s Careers Still Take Backseat: Study.” Reuters. April 1, 2010.

Harris, Scott . “Work-Life in the Balance: Flexible Scheduling on the Rise in Academic Medicine.” AAMC Reporter. April 2010.

Isis the Scientist. “The History of How Women Came to Serve on Study Section.” Blog: On Becoming a Domestic and Laboratory Goddess. May 16, 2010.

Miller, Claire Cain. “Barbie’s Next Careers? Computer Engineer.” New York Times. February 12, 2010.

Willett, Lisa L, Melissa F Wellons, Jason R. Hartig, Lindsey Roenigk, Mukta Panda, Angela T Dearinger, Jeroan Allison, and Thomas K Houston. “Do Women Residents Delay Child Bearing Due to Perceived Career Threats.” Academic Medicine. 85(4):640-646. April 2010.

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June 2010

Lahav, Galit. "How to Survive and Thrive in the Mother-Mentor Marathon." Molecular Cell. 38(4):477-80. May 28, 2010.

Liu, Christine Qi and Hershel Alexander. "Promotion Rates for First-time Assistant and Associate Professors Appointed from 1967 to 1997." AAMC Analysis in Brief. 9(7). May 2010. (Supplemental Data)

Lyons, Ana. "Subra Suresh nominated to lead National Science Foundation." The Tech, Online Edition. 130(27). June 4, 2010.

Mejia , Robin. "Gender Stop-Gaps: Women are still underrepresented in academic science, and universities are struggling to do something about it. But there are efforts afoot" Nature. 465(7299):832. June 9, 2010.

Noordewier, Marret K., Femke van Horen, Kirsten I. Ruys, and Diederik A. Stapel. "What’s in a Name? 361.708 Euros: The Effects of Marital Name Change" Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 32(1):17-25. March, 2010.

Russo, Gene. "For Love and Money: The self-reported contentment of researchers with their chosen profession depends on more than just salaries, according to the results of our international career survey." Nature. 465(7301):1104. June 24, 2010.

Taylor, Paul Taylor, Gretchen Livingston, D’Vera Cohn, Wendy Wang, Gabriel Velasco, and Rebecca Hinze-Pifer. “Childlessness Up Among All Women; Down Among Women with Advanced Degrees.” Pew Research Center. June 25, 2010.

Tierney, John. "Daring to Discuss Women in Science." New York Times. June 7, 2010

Tierney, John. “Legislation Won’t Close Gender Gap in Sciences” New York Times. June 14, 2010

Weiss, Liz. “Opening Doors: How to Make the Workforce Investment Act Work for Women.” Center for American Progress, July 2010.

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August 2010

Bunton, Sarah A., April M. Corrice, and William T. Mallon. "Clinical Faculty Satisfaction with the Academic Medicine Workplace." AAMC. June 2010.

The Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education. "The Experience of Tenure-Track Faculty at Research Universities: Analysis of COACHE Survey Results by Academic Area and Gender." www.coache.org. July 2010.

Diekman, Amanda B., Elizabeth R. Brown, Amanda M. Johnston, and Emily K. Clark. "Seeking congruity between goals and roles: a new look at why women opt out of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics careers." Psychological Science. 21(8):1051-7. August 2010.

The Global Attitudes Project. "Gender Equality Universally Embraced, But Inequalities Acknowledged." Pew Research Center. July 1, 2010.

Halvorsen, Andrew J., Joseph C. Kolars, and Furman S. McDonald. "Gender and Future Salary: Disparate Trends in Internal Medicine Residents." The American Journal of Medicine. 123(5):470-5. May 2010.

Harnisch, Brooke A., Kelly L. Stolzmann, and Lori B. Lerner. "Mentoring, Fellowship Training and Academic Careers of Women Urologists." BJU International. 105(12):1629-31. June 2010.

Kaufman, Ted. "Advancing STEM Education." Chemical & Engineering News. April 5, 2010: 3.

Viola, Kate V., Emily Bucholz, Heather Yeo, Crystal Piper, Richard H. Bell Jr., and Julie Ann Sosa. "Impact of Family and Gender on Career Goals: Results of a National Survey of 4586 Surgery Residents." Archives of Surgery. 145(5):418-24. May 2010.

Zutshi, Massarat, Jeffery Hammel, and Tracy Hull. "Colorectal Surgeons: Gender Differences in Perceptions of a Career." Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 14(5):830-43. May 2010.

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October 2010

Addams, Amy N., Ruth Beer Bletzinger, Henry M. Sondheimer, S. Elizabeth White, and Lily May Johnson. "Roadmap to Diversity: Integrating Holistic Review Practices into Medical School Admission Processes." AAMC. April 2010.

Abbott, Alison, David Cyranoski, Nicola Jones, Brendan Maher, Quirin Schiermeier, and Richard Van Noorden. "Do Metrics Matter?" Nature. 465(7300), 860-2. June 17, 2010. (Full Survey Results)

Bogue, Barbara, Yolanda Comedy, and Daryl Chubin. "Prepared for Work, Not the Career: Building Science, Engineering, and Technology Leadership." Report of a PAESMEM/AAAS Workshop for Women in Industry, Academia and Government, October 1-2, 2009. October 2010.

EEOC Diversity Task Force. "Barriers to Women Working in the Federal Government." Federally Employed Women.

Frei, Esther, Martina Stamm, and Barbara Buddeberg-Fischer. "Mentoring programs for medical students - a review of the PubMed literature 2000 - 2008." BMC Medical Education. 10:32. 2010.

Haworth, Claire M.A., Philip S. Dale, and Robert Plomin. "Sex differences and science: the etiology of science excellence." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 50(9):1113-20. September 2009.

Sapienzaa, Paola, Luigi Zingalesb, and Dario Maestripieric. "Gender differences in financial risk aversion and career choices are affected by testosterone." PNAS. 106(36): 15268-73. September 8, 2009.

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December 2010

Ali, Sam. “Study: Women Still Not Getting to the Top Levels.” Diversity Inc. Nov 29, 2010.

Mohapatra, Aditi, Amy Augustine, and Karen Bulthuis. “Examining the Cracks in the Ceiling: A Survey of Corporate Diversity Practices of the S&P 100.” Calvert Investments. October 2010.

Carson, Julie A., Adam Peets, Vincent Grant, and Kevin McLaughlin. “The Effect of Gender Interactions on Students’ Physical Examination Ratings in Objective Structured Clinical Examination Stations.” Academic Medicine. 85(11):1772-6. November 2010.

Cole, Stephanie, Michelle Arnold, Alicia Sanderson, and Craig Cupp. “Pregnancy During Otolaryngology Residency: Experience and Recommendations.” The American Surgeon. 75(5):411-5. May 2009.

Madera, Juan M., Michelle R. Hebl, and Randi C. Martin.“Gender and Letters of Recommendation for Academia: Agentic and Communal Differences.” Journal of Applied Psychology. 94(6):1591–9. November 2009.

Quindlen, Anna. “The Leadership Lid.” Newsweek. October 4, 2008

Lapovsky, Lucie and Deborah Slaner Larkin. “Benchmarking Women’s Leadership.” The White House Project. November 2009.

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February 2011

AAMC. “U.S. Medical School First-Year Enrollment, 2000-2010.” AAMC Data Warehouse: Applicant Matriculant File as of October 4, 2010.

Ceci, Stephen J. and Wendy M. Williams. “Understanding Current Causes of Women’s Underrepresentation in Science” PNAS. 108(8):3157-62. Feb 22 2011.

Dublin, Matthew. “Lessons of the Leaky Pipeline.” Genome Technology. October 1, 2010.

Gasman, Marybeth. “HBCU’s Are Not Segregated Institutions.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Innovations Blog. February 12, 2011.

Jaschik, Scott. “Impact of Women on Search Committees.” Inside Higher Ed. January 3, 2011.

Li, Madeleine. “The Loss of Excellence, Part 1.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Advice. January 20, 2011.

Lo Sasso, Anthony T., Michael R. Richards, Chiu-Fang Chou and Susan E. Gerber. “The $16,819 Pay Gap for Newly Trained Physicians: The Unexplained Trend of Mean Earning More than Women.” Health Affairs. 30(2):193-201. February 2011.

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March 2011

Brotherton, Sarah E. and Sylvia I. Etzel. “Medical Schools in the United States, 2009-2010.” JAMA . 304(11): 1247-54. September 15, 2010.

Brotherton, Sarah E. and Sylvia I. Etzel. “Graduate Medical Education, 2009-2010.” JAMA. 304(11): 1255-70. September 15, 2010.

Lincoln, Anne E., Stephanie H. Pincus, and Phoebe S. Leboy. “Scholars’ Awards Go Mainly to Men.” Nature. 469(7331):472. January 27, 2011.

Mervis, Jeffrey. “NIH Report Urges Greater Emphasis on Training for All Graduate Students.” Science. 331(6017):525. February 4, 2011.

Pelletier, Stephen G. “Love and the Pursuit of Balance: Dual-career Couples in Academic Medicine.” AAMC Reporter. February 2011.

Scheele, Adele. “How to Find a Mentor.” The Huffington Post. February 6, 2011.

Scheele, Adele. “How to Be a Mentor.” The Huffington Post. February 21, 2011.

Shepherd Allison J. and Sue Majchrzak. “Employment of Female and Male Graduates of US Veterinary Medical Colleges, 2010.” JAVMA. 237(8):922-5. October 15, 2010

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April 2011

Berret, Dan. “An Unwanted Consequence.” Inside Higher Ed. March 25, 2011.

Gillooly, Patrick. “New report details status of women in science and engineering at MIT.” MIT News. March 21, 2011.

A Report on the Status of Women Faculty in the Schools of Science and Engineering at MIT, 2011 . March 2011.

Girls’ Career Aspirations. Ofsted. No. 090239. April 12, 2011.

Grant, Bob. “Taking Time for Baby.” The Scientist. March 3, 2011.

Moltz, David. “What Women (Presidents) Want.” Inside Higher Ed. March 25, 2011.

Moskowitz, Clara. “NASA Launches Website to Honor Women in Space.” SPACE.com. March 17, 2011.

Pingleton, Susan K. “Women in Medicine and Science in 2020: Beyond the Glass Ceiling.” AAMC Reporter. March 2011.

Yen, Hope. “In a First, Women Surpass Men in Advanced Degrees. The Associated Press. April 27, 2011.

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May 2011

Arabia, Anna-Maria. “It Costs More to Lose Women in Science than Keep Them.” Sydney Morning Herald. April 15, 2011.

Berret, Dan. “Bringing Them Back.” Inside Higher Ed. May 17, 2011.

Macrae, Fiona. “Why Men Get Paid More than Women: It's All Because they Are More Competitive Aged FOUR.” Mail Online. April 20, 2011.

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. “Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2009.” Special Report NSF 11-306. December 2010.

National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. “Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2011.” Special Report NSF 11-309. February 2011.

Needham, Vicki. “Lawmakers Introduce Bill to Close Gender Pay Gap.” The Hill. April 12, 2011.

Schaffhauser, Dian. Research: STEM Efforts for Females Poorly Measured. The Journal. April 14, 2011

Wrobel, Steven. “Male-Dominated Field of Science Explained.” The Spectrum. April 13, 2011.

Yost, Cali Williams. “How To Make Workplace Flexibility About All of Us (Not Just Women).” Forbes. May 11, 2011.

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June 2011

Benderly, Beryl. “A Nobel Laureate's Advice to Women Scientists.” Science Careers Blog. June 7, 2011.

Ballard, Sarah and Gurtina Besla. “Retaining Women in Academia.” The Harvard Crimson. May 23, 2011.

Chapman, Brenda. “Women in Higher Education Database Launch.” Fruitbowl. July 7th, 2010.

Gabriel, Barbara A. “Lonely at the Top: Academic Medicine’s Women Leaders.” AAMC Reporter. May 2011.

Graduate Enrollment Continues Strong Growth in 2009. Council of Graduate Schools. September 14, 2010.

Kolata, Gina. “Women Atop Their Fields Dissect the Scientific Life.” New York Times. June 6, 2011.

Valentine, Matthew. “Survey: Few Engineers Can Name Famous Women in their Own Industry.” Engineering Apprentice. March 7, 2011.

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July 2011

The 2010 Athena ASSET Survey Summary Report. The Athena Forum. June 2011.

Chatterji, Pinka, Sara Markowitz, and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn “Early Maternal Employment and Family Wellbeing.” NBER, 2009.

Female scientists 'still overlooked by their boss.' Women in Technology. June 29, 2011.

Hammonds, Evelynn M. “35 Years After the Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Woman in Science.” Harvard Education Publishing Group Blog. June 29, 2011.

Melnick, Meredith. “Study: Why Maternity Leave is Important.” Time. July 21, 2011.

Nord, C., Roey, S., Perkins, R., Lyons, M., Lemanski, N., Brown, J., and Schuknecht, J. “The Nation’s Report Card: America’s High School Graduates” (NCES 2011-462). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. April 2011.

Powell, Kendall. “Back to the Bench.” Nature. 474(7349):115-117. June 1, 2011.

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August 2011

Female scientists 'still overlooked by their boss.' Women in Technology. June 29, 2011.

The 2010 Athena ASSET Survey Summary Report. The Athena Forum. June 2011.

Hammonds, Evelynn M. “35 Years After the Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Woman in Science.” Harvard Education Publishing Group Blog. June 29, 2011.

Ballard, Sarah and Gurtina Besla. “Retaining Women in Academia.” The Harvard Crimson. May 23, 2011.

Powell, Kendall. “Back to the Bench.” Nature. 474(7349):115-117. June 1, 2011.

Nord, C., Roey, S., Perkins, R., Lyons, M., Lemanski, N., Brown, J., and Schuknecht, J. “The Nation’s Report Card: America’s High School Graduates” (NCES 2011-462). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. April 2011.

Melnick, Meredith. “Study: Why Maternity Leave is Important.” Time. July 21, 2011.

Valentine, Matthew. “Survey: Few Engineers Can Name Famous Women in their Own Industry.” Engineering Apprentice. March 7, 2011.

Benderly, Beryl. “A Nobel Laureate's Advice to Women Scientists.” Science Careers Blog. June 7, 2011.

Gabriel, Barbara A. “Lonely at the Top: Academic Medicine’s Women Leaders.” AAMC Reporter. May 2011.

Chapman, Brenda. “Women in Higher Education Database Launch.” Fruitbowl. July 7th, 2010.

Kolata, Gina. “Women Atop Their Fields Dissect the Scientific Life.” New York Times. June 6, 2011.

Graduate Enrollment Continues Strong Growth in 2009. Council of Graduate Schools. September 14, 2010.

 

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October 2011

“The White House and National Science Foundation Announce New Workplace Flexibility Policies to Support America’s Scientists and their Families.” White House Press Release. September 26, 2011.

Weiss, Rick. “Women Use Science, Engineering, to Pierce Vitreous Ceiling.” White House Council on Women and Girls Blog. October 22, 2009.

Ginther, Donna K., Schaffer, Walter T., Schnell, Joshua, Masimore, Beth, Liu, Faye, Haak, Laurel L., and Kington, Raynard. “Race, Ethnicity and NIH Research Awards.” Science. 333: 1015-1019. August 19, 2011.

Tabak, Lawrence A., and Collins, Francis S. “Sociology. Weaving a Richer Tapestry in Biomedical Science.” Science. 333: 940-941. August 19, 2011.

“Racial Discrimination in Science: A Black and White Answer.” The Economist. August 20, 2011.

Bascom-Slack, Carol A. “Balancing Science and Family: Tidbits of Wisdom From Those Who’ve Tried It and Succeeded.” Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 84: 219-225. 2011.

Ecklund, Elaine H., and Lincoln, Anne E. “Scientists Want More Children.” Plos One. 6(8): e22590 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022590.

Leaper, Campbell, Farkas, Timea, and Brown, Christia Spears. “Adolescent Girls’ Experiences and Gender-Related Beliefs in Relation to Their Motivation in Math/Science and English.” J Youth Adolescence. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-011-9693-z. Published online: July 2011.

Robinson, Carol V. “In Pursuit of Female Chemists.” Nature. 476: 273-275. August 18, 2011.

Hoffman, Moshe, Gneezy, Uri, and List, John A. “Nurture Affects Gender Differences in Spatial Abilities.” PNAS. 108(36): 14786-14788. September 6, 2011.

Barzilay, Julie R. “Science-Focused Clubs Empower Young Women.” The Harvard Crimson. September 30, 2011.

 

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November 2011

Association of American Medical Colleges. “The Changing Demographics of Full-time U.S. Medical School Faculty, 1966-2009.” AAMC Analysis in Brief. Volume 11, Number 8.  November 2011.

Wu, Lilian and Jing, Wei. “Asian Women in STEM Careers: An Invisible Minority in a Double Bind.” Issues in Science and Technology. 28: 82-87. Fall 2011.

Shields, L., Hall, J., and Mamun, A. “The ‘Gender Gap’ in Authorship in Nursing Literature.” J R Soc Med. 104: 457-464. November 2011.

Jagsi, R., DeCastro, R., Griffith, K., Rangarajan, S., Churchill, C., Stewart, A., and Ubel, P. “Similarities and Differences in the Career Trajectories of Male and Female Career Development Award Recipients.” Academic Medicine. 86: 1415-1421.

“LinkedIn Research Reveals Nearly One Out of Every Five Women in the United States Doesn’t Have a Mentor.” LinkedIn Press Release. October 25, 2011.

Cech, E., Rubineau, B., Silbey, S., and Seron, C. “Professional Role Confidence and Gendered Persistence in Engineering.” American Sociological Review. 76: 641-666. October 2011.

“Work Climate the Top Reason Women Leave Engineering.” Newswise. October 28, 2011.

Cherney, I. and Campbell, K. “A League of Their Own: Do Single-Sex Schools Increase Girls’ Participation in the Physical Sciences.” Sex Roles. 65: 712-724.

Cullotta, K. “Closing the Girl Gap in Science.” The New York Times. November 4, 2011.

Drew, Christopher. “Where the Women Are: Biology.” The New York Times. November 4, 2011.

 

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January 2012

Goldberg, Joan. “ASCB Shares Concerns about Training and Sustainability with NIH.” ASCB Newsletter. Volume 34, Number 10. November 2011.

AAMC. “An Exploration of the Satisfaction and Experiences of Part‐time U.S. Medical School Faculty.” Analysis in Brief. Volume 11, Number 9. December 2011.

Beaman, L., Duflo, E., Pande, R., and Topalova, P. “Female Leadership Raises Aspirations and Educational
Attainment for Girls: A Policy Experiment in India.” Science. 2012, Jan 12. [Epub ahead of print]

De Melo‐Martin, I. “Patenting and The Gender Gap: Should Women Be Encouraged to Patent More?” Science and Engineering Ethics. 2012 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print].

Hegarty, P., and Walton, Z. “The Consequences of Predicting Scientific Impact in Psychology Using Journal Impact Factors.”Perspectives on Psychological Science. 7: 72‐78. January 2012.

Amrein, K., Langmann, A., Fahrleitner‐Pammer, A., Pieber, T.R., and Zollner‐Schwetz, I. “Women
Underrepresented on Editorial Boards of 60 Major Medical Journals.” Gender Medicine. 8: 378‐387. December 2011.

Turner, C.S.V., Gonzalez, J.C., and Wong, K. “Faculty Women of Color: The Critical Nexus of Race and Gender.”Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. 4: 199‐211. December 2011.

Kane, J.M., and Mertz, J.E. “Debunking Myths about Gender and Mathematics Performance.” Notices of the AMS. 59: 10‐21. January 2012.

Appel, M. Kronberger, N., and Aronson, J. “Stereotype Threat Impairs Ability Building: Effects on Test
Preparation Among Women in Science and Technology.”European Journal of Social Psychology. 41: 904‐9013. 2011.

Bayer Corporation. “Bayer Facts of Science Education XV: A View from the Gatekeepers‐ STEM Department Chairs at America’s Top 200 Research Universities on Female and Underrepresented Minority Undergraduate STEM Students.” Executive Summary. December 2011.

 

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March 2012

Federal Demonstration Partnership Task Force on Parental and Family Leave for Research Trainees. “A Forgotten Class of Scientists: Examining the Parental and Family Benefits Available to Research Trainees.” Washington, DC. January 2012.

Association for Women in Science. “The Work Life Integration Overload: Thousands of Scientists Weigh In on Outmoded Work Environments, Unfriendly Family Policies.” Executive Summary. March 2012.

Roskovensky, L.B.  and Grbic, D. “Key Indicator in Academic Medicine: Medical School Joint
Degrees Conferred by Gender.” Academic Medicine. 87: 248-249. 2012.

Roskovensky, L.B., and Grbic, D. “Key Indicator in Academic Medicine: Gender Diversity in
Medical School Applicants and Matriculants.” Academic Medicine. 87: 244-245. 2012.

Danish, S. “Key Indicator in Academic Medicine: The Physician Workforce in the United States.” Academic Medicine. 87: 236-237. 2012.

Kaminski, D. and Geisler, C. “Survival Analysis of Faculty Retention in Science and Engineering by Gender.” Science. 335: 864-866. 2012.

Williams, W. and Ceci, S. “When Scientists Choose Motherhood” American Scientist.  100: 138-141. 2012.

Mervis, J. “Is Motherhood the Biggest Reason for Academia’s Gender Imbalance?” Science. 335: 1030-1031. 2012.

Balafoutas, L. and Sutter, M. “Affirmative Action Policies Promote Women and Do Not Harm Efficiency in the Laboratory.” Science. 335: 579-582. 2012.

Ivie, R. and Tesfaye, C.L. “Women in physics: A tale of limits.” Physics Today. 2012.

McGuire, C., Primack, R.B., and Losos, E.C. “Dramatic Improvements and Persistent
Challenges for Women Ecologists.” BioScience. 62: 189-196. 2012.

 

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May 2012

Lincoln, A., Pincus, S., Bandows Koster, J., and Leboy, P. “The Matilda Effect in Science: Awards and Prizes in the US, 1990s and 2000s.”Social Studies of Science. 42: 307-320. 2012.

Falkenheim, J. and Burrelli, J. “Diversity in Science and Engineering Employment in Industry.” InfoBrief NCSES. NSF 12-311. March 2012.

Cheryan, Sapna. “Understanding the Paradox in Math-Related Fields: Why Do Some Gender Gaps Remain While Others Do Not?” Sex Roles. 66: 184-190. 2012.

Riegle-Crumb, C. and Humphries, M. “Exploring Gender Bias in Math Teachers’ Perceptions of Students’ Ability by Gender and Race/Ethnicity.” Gender & Society. 26: 290-322. 2012.

Maloney, E., Waechter, S., Risko, E., and Fugelsang, J. “Reducing the Sex Difference in Math Anxiety: The Role of Spatial Processing Ability.” Learning and Individual Differences. 22: 380-384. 2012.

van Arensbergen, P., van der Weijden, I., and van den Besselaar, P. “Gender Differences in Scientific Productivity: A Persisting Phenomenon?” Scientometrics. DOI 10.1007/s11192-012-0712-y. Published online April 25, 2012.

 

 

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July 2012

 

Advisory Committee to the NIH Director Biomedical Workforce Working Group Report. Executive Summary.

Advisory Committee to the NIH Director Diversity in the Biomedical Research Workforce Working Group Report. Executive Summary.

Wadman, Meredith. “A Workforce Out of Balance.” Nature. 486: 304-305. June 2012.

NIH Written Testimony Submitted to the National Academies in advance of their conference: Seeking Solutions: Maximizing American Talent by Advancing Women of Color in Academia.

Jagsi, R., Griffiths, K.A., Stewart, A., Sambuco, D., DeCastro, R., and Ubel, P.A. “Gender Differences in the Salaries of Physician Researchers.” Journal of the American Medical Association. 307: 2410-2417. June 2012.

Esteves-Sorenson, C. and Snyder, J. “The Gender Earnings Gap for Physicians and Its Increase Over Time.” Economics Letters. 116: 37–41. 2012.

White, F.S., McDade, S., Yamagata, H., and Morahan, P.S. “Gender-Related Differences in the Pathway to and Characteristics of U.S. Medical School Deanships.” Academic Medicine. Volume 87, Number 8. August 2012.

Braxton, J. “Make Mentorship Matter.” Nature. 487: 165-166. July 2012.

Slaughter, Anne-Marie. “Why Women Still Can’t Have It all.” The Atlantic. July/August 2012.

Bhattacharjee, Y. “NSF’s Big Pitch Tests Anonymized Grant Reviews.” Science. 336: 969-970. May 2012.

 

 

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May 2012

Lincoln, A., Pincus, S., Bandows Koster, J., and Leboy, P. “The Matilda Effect in Science: Awards and Prizes in the US, 1990s and 2000s.”Social Studies of Science. 42: 307-320. 2012.

Falkenheim, J. and Burrelli, J. “Diversity in Science and Engineering Employment in Industry.” InfoBrief NCSES. NSF 12-311. March 2012.

Cheryan, Sapna. “Understanding the Paradox in Math-Related Fields: Why Do Some Gender Gaps Remain While Others Do Not?” Sex Roles. 66: 184-190. 2012.

Riegle-Crumb, C. and Humphries, M. “Exploring Gender Bias in Math Teachers’ Perceptions of Students’ Ability by Gender and Race/Ethnicity.” Gender & Society. 26: 290-322. 2012.

Maloney, E., Waechter, S., Risko, E., and Fugelsang, J. “Reducing the Sex Difference in Math Anxiety: The Role of Spatial Processing Ability.” Learning and Individual Differences. 22: 380-384. 2012.

van Arensbergen, P., van der Weijden, I., and van den Besselaar, P. “Gender Differences in Scientific Productivity: A Persisting Phenomenon?” Scientometrics. DOI 10.1007/s11192-012-0712-y. Published online April 25, 2012.

 

 

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October 2012

Bedi, G., Van Dam, N.T., and Munafo, M. “Gender Inequality in Awarded Research Grants.” The Lancet. 380: 474. August 4, 2012.

Conley, D. and Stadmark, J. “Gender Matters: A Call to Commission More Women Writers.” Nature. 488: 590. August 2012.

Holmes, M.A. “Working Together.” Nature. 489: 327-8. September 2012.

Carnes, M., Devine, P.G., Isaac, C., Manwell, L.B., Ford, C.E., Byars-Winston, A., Fine, E., and Sheridan, J.T. “Promoting Institutional Change Through Bias Literacy.” Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. 5(2): 63-77. 2012.

Phillips, S. and Clarke, M. “More Than an Education: the Hidden Curriculum, Professional Attitudes and Career Choice.” Medical Education. 46: 887-893. 2012.

Leboy, P.S. and Madden, J.F. “Limitations on Diversity in Basic Science Departments.” DNA and Cell Biology. 31(8): 1365-1371. 2012.

Shaw, A.K. and Stanton, D.E. “Leaks in the Pipeline: Separating Demographic Inertia from Ongoing Gender Differences in Academia.” Proceedings of the Royal Society. 279: 3736-3741. 2012.

O’Brien, K.R. and Hapgood, K.P. “The Academic Jungle: Ecosystem Modeling Reveals Why Women are Driven Out of Research.” Oikos. 121: 999-1004. 2012.

Moss-Racusin, C.A., Dovidio, J.F., Brescoll, V.L., Graham, M.J., and Handelsman, J. “Science Faculty’s Subtle Gender Biases Favor Male students.” PNAS. Published online before print September 17, 2012, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1211286109.

 

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November 2012

Ginther, D.K., Haak, L.L., Schaffer, W.T., and Kington, R. “Are Race, Ethnicity, and Medical School Affiliation Associated with NIH R01 Type 1 Award Probability for Physician Investigators.” Academic Medicine. 87: 1516-1524, November 2012.

Isaac, C., Kaatz, A., Lee, B., and Carnes, M. “An Educational Intervention Designed to Increase Women’s Leadership Self-Efficacy.” CBE-Life Sciences Education. 11: 307-322. Fall 2012.

Westring, A.F., Speck, R.M., Sammel, M.D., Scott, P., Tuton, L.W., Grisso, J.A., and Abbuhl, S. “A Culture Conducive to Women’s Academic Success: Development of a Measure.” Academic Medicine. 87: 1622-1631. November 2012.

Magrane, D., Helitzer, D., Moraham, P., Chang, S., Gleason, K., Cardinali, G., and Wu, C. “Systems of Career Influences: A Conceptual Model for Evaluating the Professional Development of Women in Academic Medicine.” Journal of Women’s Health. 21: Published online ahead of print: doi:10.1089/jwh.2012.3638. 2012.

Kenagy, G.P., Schneidman, B.S., Barzansky, B., Dalton, C.E., Sirio, C.A.,  and Skochelak, S.E. “Physician Reentry into Clinical Practice: Regulatory Challenges. Journal of Medical Regulation. 97: 10-14.

Myers, S.L., and Fealing, K.H. “Changes in the Representation of Women and Minorities in Biomedical Careers.” Academic Medicine. 87: 1525-1529. November 2012.

del Rio, M.F., and Strasser, K. “Preschool Children’s Beliefs about Gender Differences in Academic Skills.” Sex Roles. Published online ahead of print: DOI 10.1007/s11199-012-0195-6. 2012.

 

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February 2013

Fang, F.C., Bennett, J.W., and Casadevall, A. “Males are Overrepresented among Life Science
Researchers Committing Scientific Misconduct.” mBio. 4(1):pii: e00640-12, January 2013.

Wu, L.G., and Jing, W. “Leadership Hurdles. Asian Researchers and Engineers are too rarely made US
Science Leaders.” Nature. 493(3):125-6, January 2013.

Duch, J. Zeng, X.H., Sales-Pardo, M., Radicchi, F., Otis, S., Woodruff, T.K., and Nunes Amaral,
L.A. “The Possible Role of Resource Requirements and Academic Career-Choice Risk on Gender
Differences in Publication Rate and Impact.” PLoS One. 7(12):e51332, December 2012.

Andriole, D.A. and Jeffe, D.B. “The Road to an Academic Medicine Career: A National Cohort Study of
Male and Female U.S. Medical Graduates.” Academic Medicine. 87(12):1722-33, December 2012.

Wademan, M. “NIH tackles major workforce issues.” Nature. 492: 167, December 2012.

Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P., and Harcourt, A.H. “Stag Parties Linger: Continued Gender Bias in a
Female-Rich Scientific Discipline.” PLoS One. 7(11):e49682, November 2012.

Smeding, A. “Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM): An Investigation of
Their Implicit Gender Stereotypes’ Connectedness to Math Performance.” Sex Roles. 67(11-12):617-29,
September 2012.

 

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April 2013

Levine, R.B., Mechaber, H.F., Reddy, S.T., Cayea, D., and Harrison, R.A. “A Good Career Choice for Women: Female Medical Students’ Mentoring Experiences: A Multi-Institutional Qualitative Study.” Academic Medicine. 88(4): 527-534, April 2013.

Else-Quest, N.M., Mineo, C.C., and Higgins, A. “Math and Science Attitudes and Achievement at the Intersection of Gender and Ethnicity.” Psychology of Women Quarterly Published online March 29, 2013, doi:10.1177/0361684313480694

Lauer, S., Momsen, J., Offerdahl, E., Kryjevskaia, M., Christensen, W., Montplaisir, L. “Stereotyped: Investigating Gender in Introductory Science Courses.” CBE Life Sce Educ . 12(1):30-38, Spring 2013.

Wang, M-T., Eccles, J.S., and Kenny, S. “Not a Lack of Ability but More Choice: Individual and Gender Differences in Choice of Careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.” Psychological Science. March 18, 2013 [Epub ahead of print]

Sambuco, D., Dabrowska, A., DeCastro, R., Stewart, A., Ubel, P.A., and Jagsi, R. “Negotiation in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Faculty Researchers and Their Mentors.” Academic Medicine. 88(4): 505-511, April 2013.

Shen, H. “Inequality Quantified: Mind the Gender Gap.” Nature. 495(7439): 22-24. March 2013.

Yang, J., Vannier, M.W., Wang, F., Deng, Y., Ou, F., Bennett, J., Liu, Y., and Wang, G.
“A Bibliometric Analysis of Academic Publication and NIH Funding.” Journal of Informetrics. 7(2): 318-324, April 2013.


 

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June 2013

Villablanca, A.C., Beckett, L., Nettiksimmons, J., and Howell, L.P. “Improving Knowledge, Awareness, and Use of flexible Career Policies Through an Accelerator Intervention at the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine.” Academic Medicine. 88: 771-777. June 2013.

Strayhorn, T.L., Williams, M.S., Tillman-Kelly, D., and Suddeth, T. “Sex Differences in Graduate School Choice for Black HBCU Bachelor’s Degree Recipients:  A National Analysis.” Journal of African American Studies. 17: 174-188. June 2013.

Knobloch-Westerwick, S., Glynn, C.J., and Huge, M. “The Matilda Effect in Science Communication: An Experiment on Gender Bias in Publication Quality Perceptions and Collaboration Interest.” Science Communication. Published Ahead of Print: 10.1177/1075547012472684.

Morgan, S.L., Gelbgiser, D., and Weeden, K.A. “Feeding the Pipeline:  Gender, Occupational Plans and College Major Selection.” Social Science Research. Published Ahead of Print: http ://dx.doi.org /10.1016/ j.ssresearch .2013.03.008.

Fleming, M., House, S., Hanson, V.S., Yu, L., Garbutt, J.U., McGee, R., Kroenke, K., Abedin,
Z., and Rubio, D.M. “The Mentoring Competency Assessment: Validation of a New Instrument to Evaluate Skills of Research Mentors.” Academic Medicine. 88: Published online ahead of print:  doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318295e298.

Kashiwagi, D.T., Varkey, P., and Cook, D.A. “Mentoring Programs for Physicians in Academic Medicine: A Systematic Review.” Academic Medicine. 88: Published online ahead of print: 
doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e318294f368.

Cornfield, D.N, Lane, R., and Abham, S.H. “Creation and Retention of the Next Generation of Physician-Scientists for Child Health Research.” JAMA. 309-1781-1782. May 2013.


 

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September 2013

“Spotlight on Women in Leadership: Women Rising: The Unseen Barriers”. Ibarra, H., Ely, R., and Kolb, D. Harvard Business Review (2013) Reprint R1309C at HBR.Org.

“Feeding the pipeline: Gender, occupational plans, and college major selection.” Morgan, S.L., Gelbgiser, D., and Weeden, K.A. Social Science Research (2013) 42(4): 989-1005.

“Work-Life Balance in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Physician-Researchers and Their Mentors”. Strong, E.A., De Castro, R., Sambuco, D., Stewart, A., Ubel, P.A., Griffith, K.A., and Jagsi, R. Social Science Research (2013) 42(4): 989-1005.

“Batting 300 is good: perspectives of faculty researchers and their mentors on rejection, resilience, and persistence in academic medical careers.” DeCastro, R., Sambuco, D., Ubel, P.A., Stewart, A. and Jagsi, R. Academic Medicine (2013) 88(4): 497-504.

“Changes in the representation of women and minorities in biomedical careers.” Myers, S.L and Fealing, K.H. Academic Medicine (2012) 87(11): 1525-9.

“Commentary: reflections on diversity and inclusion in medical education.” DeLisa, J.A. and Lindenthal JJ. Academic Medicine (2012) 87(11): 1461-3.

“Commentary: diversity and inclusion in the 21st century: bridging the moral and excellence perspectives.” Nivet, M.A. Academic Medicine (2012) 87(11): 1458-60.

 

 

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November 2013

“Career Benchmarks from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund’s Early Faculty Career Development Awards”. McGovern, V; Kramarik, J; Wilkins, G. Acad Med. (2013) 88: 1732 – 1739.

“Professional Development and Leadership Training Opportunities for Healthcare Professionals” Roberta E. Sonnino. Am J of Surg. (2013) 206, 727-731.

“Sponsorship: A Path to the Academic Medicine C-suite for Women Faculty?” Travis, E; Doty, L; Helitzer, D. Acad Med. (2013) 88:1414–1417.

“Changing the Culture of Academic Medicine to Eliminate the Gender Leadership Gap: 50/50 by 2020’ Valantine, H; Sandborg, C. Acad Med. (2013) 88: 1411 – 1413.

“Gender disparities in research productivity among 9952 academic physicians” Eloy, JA; Syider, P; Cherla, D; Diaz, L; Kovalerchik, O; Mauro, K; Baredes, S; Chandrasekhar, S. Laryngoscope (2013) 123 (8):1865–1875.

“Patenting and the gender gap: should women be encouraged to patent more?” de Melo-Martín I. Sci Eng Ethics (2013) 19(2): 491-504.

 

 

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January 2014

Educational Outcomes for Students Enrolled in MD-PhD Programs at Medical School Matriculation, 1995-2000: A National Cohort Study. Jeffe DB, Andriole DA, Wathington HD, Tai RH. Acad Med January 2014 Volume 89(1):84-93. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24280845
The purpose of this manuscript is to describe educational outcomes for a national cohort of students who enrolled in MD-PhD programs at medical school matriculation (MD-PhD matriculants). The authors identifid factors independently associated with overall MD-PhD program attrition compared with MD-PhD program graduation. They found that most MD-PhD matriculants completed the MD-PhD program; most of those who left were MD-only graduates. Gender, race/ethnicity, and premedical debt were not independently associated with overall MD-PhD program attrition.

Trends in the Earnings of Male and Female Health Care Professionals in the United States, 1987 to 2010. Seabury SA, Chandra A, Jena AB. JAMA Internal Medicine October 14, 2013 Volume 173, Number 18: 1748 - 1750. http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1754348
The data in this article suggest that female physicians currently earn less than male physicians even after adjustment for specialty, practice type, and hours worked. Salary differences between men and women currently exist among physician researchers as well. This raises questions about whether the gender gap in earnings among US physicians has closed over time, particularly compared with the earnings gap for other health care professionals, including workers overall. Comparing earnings over time is important in assessing the impact of policies to promote gender equality among physicians.

Global Gender Disparities in Science. Lariviere V, Ni C, Gingras Y, Cronin B, Sugimoto CR. Nature December 12, 2013 Volume 504: 211- 213. http://www.nature.com/news/bibliometrics-global-gender-disparities-in-science-1.14321
This manuscript presents a bibliometric analysis confirming that gender imbalances persist in research output worldwide. The author states that women publish significantly fewer papers in areas in which research is more expensive, are less likely to participate in collaborations that lead to publication and are much less likely to be listed as either first or last author on a paper. In addition, in the most productive countries, articles with women in important author positions receive fewer citations than those with men. The study lends quantitative support to the fact that barriers to women in science remain widespread worldwide, despite more than a decade of policies aimed at levelling the playing field. For a country to be scientifically competitive, it needs to maximize its human intellectual capital. The data suggest that because collaboration is one of the main drivers of research output and scientific impact, programs fostering international collaboration for female researchers might help to level the playing field.

Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: Results From the Radiation Oncology Academic Development and Mentorship Assessment Project (ROADMAP). Holliday EB, Jagsi R, Thomas CR Jr, Wilson LD, Fuller CD. Int J Rad Oncol 2014 Volume 88(1): 18 – 24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24210670
This manuscript analyzed survey information regarding mentorship practices and cross-correlated the results with metrics of academic productivity among academic radiation oncologists at US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited residency training programs. Data collected included demographics, presence of mentorship, and the nature of specific mentoring activities. Differences in gender and race/ethnicity were not associated with significant differences in mentorship rates, but those with a mentor were more likely to have a PhD degree and were more likely to have more time protected for research. Mentorship is widely believed to be important to career development and academic productivity. The results emphasize the importance of identifying and striving to overcome potential barriers to effective mentorship.

Mentoring and the Career Satisfaction of Male and Female Academic Medical Faculty. DeCastro R, Griffith K, Ubel P, Stewart A, Jagsi R. Acad Med 2014 Volume 89(2): 1 – 11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24362376
This article explores aspects of mentoring that might influence medical faculty career satisfaction and to discover whether gender differences exist. The authors compared, by gender, the development and nature of mentoring relationships, mentor characteristics, extent of mentoring in various mentor roles, and satisfaction with mentoring. Significantly more women were dissatisfied with work-life balance (52%) than men (40%) (P < 0.001). Mentor gender, gender concordance of the mentoring pair, and number of mentors were not significantly associated with satisfaction. The authors concluded that those concerned about faculty attrition from academic medicine should consider mentor training and development.

Barriers to advancement in academic surgery: views of senior residents and early career faculty. Cochran A, Elder WB, Crandall M, Brasel K, Hauschild T, Neumayer L. Am J of Surg November 2013 Volume 206(5): 661 – 666. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002961013004005
The authors of this article hypothesized that senior residents and early-career faculty members have different perceptions of advancement barriers in academic surgery. Career Barriers Inventory versions were administered electronically to surgical residents and early-career surgical faculty members at 8 academic medical centers. Residents identified a lack of mentorship as a career barrier about half as often as faculty members. Residents were twice as likely as faculty members to view childbearing as a career barrier. Female faculty members commonly perceive differential treatment and barriers on the basis of their sex. Faculty development programs should address both systemic and sex-specific obstacles if academic surgery is to remain a vibrant field.

 

 

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This page last updated: February 10, 2014